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20

2022

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05

2022年一季度印染行业经济运行简析

作者:


2022年一季度,我国印染行业面临的发展环境更趋复杂严峻。国际方面,全球疫情仍在扩散蔓延,俄乌冲突升级加剧,全球产业链供应链正常运转受阻,主要发达经济体收紧货币政策,外部风险持续加大;国内方面,多省市疫情散发频发,部分企业实施停产减产措施应对疫情,叠加原材料价格持续高位波动、物流运输受限、终端消费意愿减弱等因素,行业经济运行总体呈现“稳中承压”的发展态势。

1、产量保持小幅增长,生产增速有所放缓

根据国家统计局数据,2022年一季度,印染行业规模以上企业印染布产量121.75亿米,同比增长1.93%,增速较1~2月回落4.01个百分点。一季度,我国疫情呈现多点散发态势,浙江杭州、绍兴,江苏苏州,山东滨州,福建晋江等印染企业集中地区出现疫情,印染企业生产运营受到一定程度的影响。疫情影响下,居民出行和消费活动受到抑制,人们对纺织品服装类可选消费品的消费意愿减弱,国家统计局数据显示,一季度全国限额以上单位服装鞋帽、针纺织品类商品零售额同比减少0.9%,增速较上年同期回落55.1个百分点,内销市场出现自2021年以来的首次下滑。一季度,海外市场需求基本平稳,内需市场总体偏弱,叠加上年同期基数较高的因素,印染布产量增速呈现放缓态势。

2、出口形势良好,出口实现较快增长

根据中国海关统计数据,2022年一季度,印染八大类产品出口数量71.76亿米,同比增长14.10%,增速较1~2月提高7.23个百分点;出口金额76.81亿美元,同比增长24.89%,增速较1~2月提高5.63个百分点;出口平均单价1.07美元/米,同比提高9.46%,出口单价的增长对企业利润增长的带动作用明显。东南亚地区纺织产业链供应链逐步恢复,一些国家对我国面料需求增加。同时,随着欧美等服装服饰主要消费地区逐步取消疫情防控措施,终端消费需求持续回暖,我国印染产品间接出口保持增长态势。1~3月,我国累计完成服装及衣着附件出口356.85亿美元,同比增长7.4%,其中3月服装出口102.2亿美元,同比增长10.9%;累计出口家用纺织品106.77亿美元,同比增长10.09%,出口单价同比增长7.78%。

表1  2022年一季度印染八大类产品出口情况

  1

 

3、运行质量修复趋缓,产销衔接效率下降

根据国家统计局数据,2022年一季度,规模以上印染企业三费比例7.08%,同比降低0.61个百分点,其中,棉印染企业为6.87%,化纤印染企业为8.56%;产成品周转率16.64次/年,同比降低3.22%;应收账款周转率8.83次/年,同比提高7.74%;总资产周转率0.97次/年,同比提高8.70%。与1~2月相比,一季度产成品周转率增速回落7.06个百分点,应收账款周转率增速和总资产周转率增速均有所放缓,主要受3月份以来国内疫情形势严峻,地方加强疫情管控措施,交通物流受限导致产业链供应链运转不畅等因素影响。

1

4、发展效益总体向好、增速面临趋缓压力

根据国家统计局数据,2022年一季度,规模以上印染企业营业收入678.06亿元,同比增长16.86%,较1~2月回落2.03个百分点;实现利润总额19.91亿元,同比增长43.28%,较1~2月回落8.20个百分点;成本费用利润率3.08%,同比提高0.51个百分点;销售利润率2.94%,同比提高0.47个百分点;完成出口交货值94.50亿元,同比增长14.99%。1677家规模以上印染企业亏损户数为651户,亏损面38.82%,同比小幅收窄0.18个百分点;亏损企业亏损总额10.28亿元,同比增长6.50%。一季度,印染企业订单量总体稳定,开工情况基本良好,在东南亚国家对我国印染面料需求明显增加的背景下,企业主要经济指标实现较高幅度的增长,但同时也面临着增速趋缓的压力。

表3  2022年一季度规模以上印染企业主要经济指标

1

 从一季度整体情况看,我国印染行业出口表现良好,国内市场需求总体偏弱。二季度,受4、5月份多地疫情频发及疫情防控政策影响,内销市场需求继续走弱,行业稳定发展仍然面临较多的制约因素,经济运行面临较大压力。随着疫情逐步得到控制,企业生产经营将逐渐步入正轨,内需消费市场也将迎来回暖,在国家宽松的货币政策及稳外贸促消费、加大对实体经济支持力度等一系列助企纾困措施下,印染行业运行将逐步企稳。

这里是占位文字

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